Editor's Introduction I
Part Six. Revolution
1. Apostasy 31
§1. The Rearticulation of the Christian Era 31
§2. Bossuet and Voltaire 34
   a. Bossuet's Universal History
   b. Secularized History
   c. The Relevance of Rome
   d. Voltaire's Universal History
§3. The Reconstruction of Historical Meaning 40
   The Esprit Humain as the Object of History
   b. Intramundane Sacred History
   c. The Structure of Intramundane History
§4. The Continuity of Christian with Intramundane Problems 44
   a. The Variations of Intramundane History
   b. Bossuet's Histoire des variations des Églises protestantes
   c. The Libre Examen
   d. Bossuet's Conférence avec M. Claude
§5. The Dynamics of Secularization 51
   a. The Dissociation of the Western Universalisms
   b. The Phases of Dissociation
   c. First and Second Phases: Spiritual Destruction and Respiritualization
   d. Third Phase: The Authority of the Church and the Christian Symbols
§6. Voltaire's Attack 57
   a. The Éléments de philosophie de Newton
   b. God and the Soul
   c. The Foundation of Ethics
   d. The Meaning of Reason
   e. Philosophical Sectarianism
   f. The Realm between the Spirits
   g. Compassion
2. The Schismatic Nations 71
§1. The Vacuum of Reason 71
§2. The Irritation of Parochialism 72
§3. The Schismatic Cosmion 73
   a. The Spiritual Closure of the National Cosmion
   b. The French Case
   c. The English Case
   d. The German Case
§4. The Time Structure of the Closing Process 78
   a. The Problem of Closure
   b. The English-French Time Structure
   c. The French-German Time Structure
   d. The Results
3. Giambattista Vico-- La scienza nuova 82
§1. Italian Politics 82
   a. City-State and National State
   b. Italian "Decadence"
   c. Municipalization and Emigration
§2. The Work of Vico 85
   a. Style and Mode Expression
   b. The Secularist Interpretation
   c. The Meditative Character of the Work
   d. The Phases of the Meditation
§3. The Idea of a New Science 93
   a. Ambivalence and Pathos
   b. Reversal of the Apostatic Movement
§4. The Steps of the Meditation 96
   a. Verum Est Factum
   b. The Philological Origin
   c. The Conjecture on the Pagan Level
   d. The Christian Level
   e. Neoplatonism
§5. The Continuum of Western Ideas 102
§6. The Model of Nature 104
   a. The Metaphysical Point and the Conatus
   b. The Systematic Function of the Model
   c. The Attack on Phenomenalism
   d. The Attack on the Cogito
   e. The Transfer of the Model to History
§7. The Mondo Civile 109
   a. The Science of History
   b. Vico's Anthropology
   c. The Autonomy of the Spirit
   d. The Recursus
§8. Recursus and Ricorso 116
   a. The Problem in the Diritto universale
   b. The Problem in the "First" Scienza nuova
   c. The Problem in the "Third" Scienza nuova
   d. Vico and Saint Augustine
§9. The Storia Eterna Ideale
   a. Formulation of the Principle
   b. The Historicity of the Mind
   c. Providential contemplation
§10. The Senso Commune 132
   a. Positive Definitions
   b. Critical Clarification
   c. History and Philosophy of Humanity
§11. The Political Structure of the Corso 137
   a. Stato Ferino and Divine Age
   b. The Heroic Age
   c. The Human Age
   d. Summarizing Characterization of the Corso
   e. The Mente Eroica
§12. Conclusion 144
4. The English Quest for the Concrete 149
§1. The Model Polity 150
   a. A Stagnant Population
   b. Gin
   c. The Purge of the Church
   d. Warburton's Political Sermons
   e. The Gladstone-Newman Controversy
§2. The Loss of the Concrete 163
   a. Materialization of the External World
   b. Psychologization of the Self
   c. Culverwel's Reason
   d. Whichcote's Reason
   e. Locke's Reason
   f. Locke's Reasonableness of Christianity
   Toland's Christianity Not Mysterious
§3. Absolute Space and Relativity 183
   a. Relativity from Copernicus to Leibnitz
   b. Galileo's Conflict with the Inquisition
   c. Newton's Assumption of Absolute Space
   d. The Influence of Henry More
   e. Berkeley's Psychological Criticism
   f. The Deadlock
   g. Leibniz
   h. The Problem of the Rotating Star
   i Science, Power, and Magic
   j. The Pathos of Science and Spiritual Eunuchs
Index 217