Vol 4  The Ecumenic Age
(CW VOL 17)

Table of Contents

[ Note: Paging for the original 1974 edition is shown in brackets. ]
Editor's Introduction   1
Introduction  45   [1]
Chapter 1 Historiogenesis 108  [59]
Chapter 2 The Ecumenic Age 167  [114]
Chapter 3 The Process of History 229  [171]
Chapter 4 Conquest and Exodus 274  [212]
Chapter 5 The Pauline Vision of the Resurrected 303  [239]
Chapter 6 The Chinese Ecumene 340  [272]
Chapter 7 Universal Humanity 371  [300]
Index 411  [337]

Analytical Table of Contents

[Note: In the Introduction to the Analytical Table of Contents there are shown page numbers in brackets as they appeared in the original edition (1974) and in parentheses as they appear in the Collected Works. They are not equivalent because each edition selected different topics for pagination.]


45      [1]
Linear Time and Axis Time: Cultural Diffusion. Linear Speculation (47). Jaspers and Toynbee. Mankind and Mystery [2]. The Beginning and the Beyond: Historiogenesis. Stratification of Consciousness (51). The Presence of Divine Reality. Two Modes of Experience. Cosmological Myth and Cosmogonic Myth. The Secondary Field of Differentiations [7]. The Tension of Consciousness Plato, Aristotle, Israel: The Philosopher's Myth(56). The Infinite Cosmos. The Creative Beginning [11]. The Tension in the Gospel of John: The Word of the Beginning and the World of the Beyond. The Presence of the "I am" (58). The ego eimi Sayings. The Death of the Beginning and the Life of the Beyond. The language of Revelation and the Myth of Creation. The Gnostic Influences in John [13]. The Balance Lost Gnosticism: Essential Core and Variable Parts (66). The Impact of Empire. The Contraction of Divine Order. Multicivilizational Piety. Syncretistic Spiritualism. The Hymn of the Pearl. The Israelite-Judaic Exodus. Magic Pneumatism. The Loss of Balance [20]. The Balance Regained Philo: The Mystery of the Cosmos Recovered(74). Philo's Allegoresis. His Cosmopolites. Philo's Pattern of Inadequate Analysis [27]. Allegoresis: Origin of the Symbolism (80). Literal and Underlying Meaning. The Encounter of Philosophy with the Torah [33]. The Deformation of Philosophy into Doctrine: The Classic Rejection, the Stoic Acceptance, of Allegoresis. The Stoic "Dreams." Spiritual Insecurity. The Literalization of Mythopoetic Symbols. The Stoic Materialism. Prepositional Metaphysics [36]. Religion: Cicero's Introduction of the Symbolism (91). Doctrinal Theology. Ecumenic Spiritualism. Cicero's Confession of Faith. Tertullian on the Plurality of Religions. Stoic Doctrine as a Millennial Constant [43]. Scripture: The Torah as a Protective Device(96). The Cosmogony of Genesis. Creatio ex nihilo. Wisdom, in Proverbs, in Sirach. The "Fear of the Lord." Wisdom and Torah. The Word of Creation. The Torah as Scripture. The Deformation of the Word of God and of History [48]. Conclusion (106)[57].

Chapter 1  Historiogenesis

108      [59]
§I. MYTHO-SPECULATION The Quest of the Ground. Theogony, Anthropogony, Cosmogony, Historiogenesis, Equivalence to Philosophy of Being. Pragmatic Historiography, Mythopoesis, Noetic Speculation. The Roman Case. 109      [60]
Motives. Sumerian King List. The Timeless Line of Time. Hegel. Its Ubiquity. Millennial Constant.
1. The Primary Experience of the Cosmos 118      [68]
Intra-Cosmic Divinity. The Ruler under God. Hatshepsut. Crisis of Empire and Noetic Advance. Existence out of Non-Existence. Eliade's statisation du devenir. Leibniz' Questions. Between Something and Nothing.
2. The Cosmological Style of Truth 126      [75]
Instability of the Style. The In-Between Reality of the Cosmos; The Dynamics of Disruption. Kant.
3. The Modes of Time 128      [78]
The Lasting of Reality. The Multiple Modes of Lasting. Cyclical Time. Eternal Recurrence. Celestial Cycles. The Great Year. The Hierarchy of Times.
§4. NUMBERS AND AGES 133      [82]
Projection of History into Past and Future. Numerical Speculation. The Sumerian King List. Berossus. Israelite Speculations. Declining Ages and the Fall.
The Survival of Historiogenesis. Empire and the Truth of Humanity. The Turin Papyrus and the Palermo Stone. Antiochus Soter. The Israelite Case.
§6. THE HELLENIC CASE EUHEMERUS' Historia Sacra 153      [101]
The Non-Imperial Civilization. Hesiod. Herodotus. The Hellenistic Sequel. Egyptian Influences. Hiera Anagraphe.
§7. HISTORIOMACHY 162      [109]
Berossus and Manetho. Dionysius of Halicarnassus and Josephus Flavius. Clement of Alexandria. Eusebius.

Chapter 2   The Ecumenic Age

167      [114]
§1. THE SPECTRUM OF ORDER 168      [115]
Temporal and Spiritual Order. Ethnic Societies and Ecumenic-Imperial Society.
Imperial Expansion. Persia-Macedon-Rome. Polybius on Empire: The Course of Pragmatic Events; the Spectacle of Conquest; the Ecumene; General History. Ecumene: Cultural, Pragmatic, Jurisdictional, Messianic. The Telos of Pragmatic History. Rome and the Cycle of Constitutions. Fortune. Ecumenic Empire and Ecumenic Age.
§3. THE SPIRITUAL ECUMENE 188      [134]
1. Paul 189      [134]
The Salvational Telos of the Ecumene. The Temptation of Christ. Missionary Fervor. The Ecumene to Come. The Delay of the Parousia. Ecumenicity and Universality.
2. Mani 193      [138]
The Sequence of Messengers. Regional Limitations and Ecumenicity. Unwritten and Written Wisdom. The Ecumenic Paraclete. Succession of Empires and Succession of Religions.
3. Mohammed 198      [142]
The Convergence of Empire and Church. The Byzantine and Sassanian Models. The Seal of the Prophets. The War of Ecumenic Truth.
§4. THE KING OF ASIA 201      [145]
1. Achaemenian Prologue 202      [146]
The Dissociation of Cosmological Order into Power and Spirit. Literalist Derailment. De facto Ecumenism. Ecumenic Literalism from Cyrus to Xerxes. The Truth of Ahuramazda. The Autolouange of Darius. The Persepolis daiva Inscription of Xerxes.
2. Alexander 210      [153]
Motives of the Campaign. Alexander's Letter to Darius. Plutarch on Alexander. Opis. Homonoia. The Marriage Feast of Susa. Proskynesis. The Divine Fire. Alexander's Divinity. Aristotle. The Oracle of Ammon. Pothos.
3. Graeco-lndian Epilogue 222      [165]
The Maurya Empire. The Kingdom of Bactria. Demetrius. The Title Soter. Eucratides. Menander's Kingdom.

Chapter 3   The Process of History

229      [171]
§1. THE PROCESS OF REALITY 229      [171]
1. The Subject of History 230      [172]
The In-Between Reality of History. The Identification of Subjects Augustine, Hegel. The Two Histories. Toynbee.
2. Anaximander's Truth of the Process 232      [174]
Apeiron and Time. Mortals, Immortals. The Metaxy of Existence. Tragical Meditation.
3. The Field of Noetic Consciousness 235      [176]
Truth and Things. The Discovery of Consciousness. Psyche-Depth-Nous-Philosophy. The Truth of the Search.
§2. THE DIALOGUE OF MANKIND 237      [178]
1. Herodotus 237      [178]
The Wheel of Human Affairs. The Imperial Entrepreneurs. Success and Envy of the Gods. The Divided Self. Concupiscential Exodus.
2. Thucydides 240      [181]
The Melian Dialogue. Tragic Consciousness and Untragic Vileness. The Succession of Empire and the Senselessness of History.
3. Plato 243      [183]
The Revelatory Character of Symbols. The One and the Unlimited. Noetic Conscious- ness. Diotima. The Dialogue of the Soul. The Continuity of the Dialogue in Society and History.
4. Aristotle 246      [187]
Constitution of Meaning in History. Before-and-After. The Irreversibility of Meaning. Equivalences of Symbolic Forms. From Apeiron to Nous. The Noetic Movement. Metaleptic Reality. Myth and Philosophy. The Modern Revolt against the Dialogue.
§3. Jacob Burckhardt on the Process of History 253      [192]
Selfishness of Evaluation. Egoism and Infantilism. Ethics and the Plethos. The Moralist Apocalypse. Metaleptic Consciousness and the Unconscious.
1. The Pseudo-Aristotelian De Mundo 258      [198]
Concupiscential and Spiritual Exodus. Truth and Power. Cosmos and Empire.
1. Oikoumene and Okeanos The Horizon in Reality 262      [201]
Homeric and Imperial Ecumene. Ecumenes in the Plural. The Habitat of Man. The Horizon. Okeanos: The Divine Border of the Ecumene. The Horizon from Homer to Alexander. Knowledge and Conquest. The Plurality of Ecumenic Empires.
3. The Polybian Symbolism Resumed 268      [207]
The Roman Perspective. The Meaning of the Telos. Ecumenic Consciousness in the Restricted Empires. Ecumenic Society and Civilization. The Global Ecumene. Thomas More. Cusanus.

Chapter 4   Conquest and Exodus

274      [212]
§ 1. EXODUS WITHIN REALITY 276      [214]
The Non-Finality of Ecumenic Finality. The Receding Horizon. Reality Moving toward Eminent Reality. Participation in the Directional Flux of Reality. Plato and Aristotle on the Factors beyond Human Control. The Paradigms.
§2. PLATO ON HISTORY 281      [218]
Cosmic Rhythm and Uniqueness of Meaning. The Laws on History. The Hellenic Federation. Ethnos and Multicivilizational Empire. Civilizational Progress. The Plurality of Civilizations. The Lasting of the Cosmos and the Limits of Memory. The Cosmic Cataclysms. The Ages of Cronos, Zeus, and Nous.
Lasting and Transfiguration. The Postulate of Balance. Reason and Revelation. The Theophanic Event. Messengers Old Gods Father God. The Hyperouranion. The Platonic Uncertainties. The Beyond. The Danger of Gnosticism. The Exodus into Ecumenic Death. The Intelligibility of Reality Revealed.

Chapter 5   The Pauline Vision of the Resurrected

303      [239]
§1. THE PAULINE THEOPHANY 304      [240]
1. Noetic and Pneumatic Theophany 305      [241]
From Anaximander's phthora to Paul's aphtharsia . Plato and Paul on the Structure of Reality. Vision, not Dogma.
2. Vision and Reason 308      [244]
Pneumatic Center and Noetic Periphery. The Code for Tongue-Speakers. Pauline- Aristotelian Equivalents. Participation and Anticipation.
3. Death and Transfiguration 312      [247]
Vision and Hope. Vision, the Beginning of Transfiguration. The Tale of Death.
4. The Truth of the Pauline Myth 314      [249]
Compact Types of Myth. The Pauline Differentiation. The Dynamics of Theophany.
5. Truth and History 316      [251]
The Classic Consciousness of History. The Theophanic Turbulence in Reality. Theophanic Turbulence and Man-Made Revolution. Aphtharsia through Revolution. The New Christs. Transfiguration as an Historical Constant.
6. The Truth of Transfiguration 321      [256]
The Vision of the Resurrected and the Presence of God. The Apostle. The Self-Analysis of Romans 7. Abraham and Paul. History of Faith. The Distribution of Revelation over Israel and Hellas. The Open Field of Theophany and Dogmatic Construction.
§2. THE EGOPHANIC REVOLT 326      [260]
1. The Egophanic Deformation of History 327      [260]
The Construction of Egophanic History. The Ancient Gigantomachia and the Modern Christs. Hegel's Forcing the Parousia into History. The Definition of Chalcedon Inverted. Egophany Dogmatized. Participation and Identification. Modern Deculturation. Revelation Delivered Speculatively.
2. The Constancy of Transfiguration 333      [266]
Paul's Metastatic Interpretation of his Vision. The Non-Occurrence of the Parousia. Augustine's saeculum senescens . Otto of Freising and Joachim of Flora. Petrarca's Dark Age. The Degradation of Symbols into Systems. The Mystery of Transfiguration in Reality. The Bias in Reality toward More Reality.

Chapter 6   The Chinese Ecumene

340      [272]
Historiogenetic Speculation. Chinese Traditional and Modem Critical History. Genealogical Construction. The te. The Shang Dynasty. The Five-Hundred-Year Periods. The Thinkers as Successors to the Kings.
§2. The Self-Designation of the Ecumene 351      [282]
Chung-kuo' chung-hua, t'ien-hsia. The Near Eastern Cosmological Form. The Identity of China and Mankind.
§3. The Incomplete Breakthrough 354      [285]
Max Weber on China. The Conflicting Opinions on Chinese Philosophy, Science, and Religion. The Muted Differentiation.
The Western Rise and Fall of Empire and the Chinese Internal Periods. The wang and the t'ien-hsia . The Po-hu-t'ung on Pre-imperial Kingship.
§5. T'IEN-HSIA AND KUO 361      [291]
The Pre-established Harmony between t'ien-hsia and kuo . Expansion by Cultural Attraction. The Sets of Symbols. Power Organization and Cultural Substance. Mencius on t'ien-hsia and kuo . The Historical Course.
§6. CYCLES 366      [296]
The Dynastic Cycle. The Five-Hundred-Year Cycle. The Cycle of Sages. From Clan Society to the Ecumene of Civilized Mankind.

Chapter 7   Universal Humanity

371      [300]
§I The Western Ecumenic Age 371      [300]
Characteristics of the Western Configuration. The Field of Disorder and the Realm to Come. The Phantasy of Two Realities. The Truth of Order Emerging. The Insights Gained.
§2. Eschatology and Earthly Existence 376      [304]
The Plurality of Ecumenic Ages. Universal Mankind, an Eschatological Index. Participation in the Divine Flux of Presence. Material Civilization and Differentiation of Consciousness. Plato, Feng Hu Tzu, Lucretius. History as the Ecumenic Horizon. The Triad of Ecumenic Empire, Spiritual Outburst, and Historiography.
§3. Absolute Epoch and Axis-Time 380      [308]
Hegel's Absolute Epoch in Christ, Jaspers' Axis-Time. The Jaspers-Bultmann Debate on Demythization. The State of Experiential Analysis.
§4. The Epoch and The Structure of Consciousness 385      [313]
The Horizon of Divine Mystery. The Events of Consciousness and the Consciousness of the Events. Eschatology. The Modes of Universal Participation.
§5. Question and Mystery 388      [316]
The Question as a Symbolism sui generis . The Question in the Primary Experience of the Cosmos. Cosmological Construction from the Ground. The Ascending Question of the Upanishadic Type. The Apocalypse of Abraham . The Divine Beyond and the Divine Within. The Consciousness of Epoch. Apocalyptic Brutality. The Question as a Constant Structure in the Experience of Reality. Trust in Cosmic Order and the Differentiating Question. The Response of the Buddha. The Question and Epoch. The Mystery of Reality.
§6. The Process of History and the Process of the Whole 404      [330]
The Question in the Metaxy. Openness to Reality and Contraction of the Self. The Long Breath of History. What is Worth Remembering about the Present. The Length of Time. The Stop-History Movements. The Interdict on the Question. The Process of the Whole. The Fallacies of Time. The Eschatological Direction.
Index       [337]